Safety is the basis of all work, safety is the premise, but also the important policy of social development and construction, production must be safe, safety is for production.
To achieve increased production and savings, the safety of production personnel must be taken care of. The Constitution also stipulates that the rights and interests of workers should be improved, and that “improving labor conditions and strengthening labor protection” should be the welfare of laborers. All aspects of agricultural machinery production need to implement the policy of safety production, reduce accidents, avoid disasters, reduce the harm to users and avoid losses.
1. Safe production technology of agricultural machinery
China is a large agricultural country in the world, the role of agricultural machinery is very obvious, but compared with the developed countries in the West, China’s agricultural machinery technology level still needs to be improved, especially the safety of production technology, the gap is large, this paper will be analyzed specifically.
1.1 Tractor field operation safety technology
Tractor is one of the most important machinery for agricultural production, is also to ensure that the agricultural production of one of the important machinery, its high cost performance, has been quite popular, but its relatively many high-end equipment, safety issues have been to improve, this, must draw the attention of the relevant departments. Different tractor safety technology is different, but all must follow a common standard, that is, must ensure the safety of staff, to ensure the safety of the operation.
1.1.1 and farm equipment linkage to be safe and reliable
The linkage of the two can generally be divided into two types of traction and suspension, regardless of which linkage is used to use a hard linkage to avoid mutual impact. Tractor traction bar and farm equipment between the pins, you can use the cotter pin lock. Especially when working in areas with large ground ups and downs, it should be checked from time to time whether it is reliable.
At present, in addition to the stereotyped compound implements, in order to improve the utilization coefficient of tractor power, using “a machine hanging” way, at this time, in addition to the requirements of the main implements and tractor linkage reliable, but also must be marked with the additional implements linkage and location.
1.1.2 Clearly specify the contact signal
Agricultural machinery requires a lot of personnel to complete the work, agricultural machinery drivers and implement hand, mechanics and auxiliary personnel must clearly specify the way of contact, to follow the characteristics of easy and fast, but also with the agricultural machinery itself to complete the contact characteristics, such as: lights, horn, hand signals or color flags. Through advance communication to understand the operation of machinery, reduce the problems between operations and avoid accidents. Also the provision of signals can shorten the auxiliary time consumption and improve productivity.
1.1.3 Enhance the integrity of safety protection devices
Depending on the use environment, the farm equipment is very different and usually has guards such as shields or baffles for the exposed part of the drive, and some are specially equipped with a riding position. Before operation, all devices must be fully equipped and checked for solidity and never coped with. At the same time all the crew must be within the prescribed range of activities, forbidden in the process of operation to adjust those parts that do not have a special adjustment handle or will be troubleshooting, will work on the parts of the weeds and mud cleaned up, the running machine forbids people to walk around at will, strictly prohibited overcrowding.
1.1.4 Understand the situation of waterfield operation
Waterfield operations mainly rely on the tractor to complete, if encountered in a bad operating environment, the front wheel guidance will be reduced, this is a test of the driver’s skills, try not to turn small or dead turns, in the turn operation also do not leave a large pit, reduce the damage to the implements, the operation process try not to back up, otherwise the machinery is likely to strike.
Wheeled tractor usually need to replace the water field impeller or high tread tires for water field operations, in the process of operation obstruction, and tractor attachment performance with the increase in running time also continue to improve, which requires close attention to the tractor load in the process of mechanical operation, reduce unnecessary problems.
1.2 safety measures for fixed operations
Different from tractors and other machinery, fixed operations of machinery safety technology varies greatly. Common fixed operations include: threshing, scavenging and agricultural by-products processing, compared to the operating conditions have been greatly improved, but the safety work should not be ignored, must ensure the safety of production.
First, strengthen the safety education of operators.
Different mechanical operations are different, which requires the relevant departments to establish a special training department, safety education for all personnel participating in the operation, according to the situation of the process, the operating environment, etc. to develop the corresponding operating guidelines, unified normative.
Secondly, reasonable selection of operating position.
The crew should reasonably choose the operating position according to the environment, climate and other factors to ensure its reliability, fix the device, all external transmission devices should be matched with protective devices, and must be equipped with professional fire prevention equipment. Operators should also be equipped with professional safety equipment according to the operating conditions, wind goggles and masks are the most common.
Finally, winter operation precautions.
General agricultural machinery in winter does not work, to work must pay special attention to safety, to tractors, for example, to bake the car to start, it is best to stop and turn off the fire before the previous shift, drive away from the operating point, the next shift before the start after baking the car into the operating point to hang knots, in the baking car before the car must also be flammable and explosive items away from the car, send a person to look after the car to start after the fire is completely extinguished, to avoid causing fire.
2. Strengthen the safety production technology
From the above analysis, it is easy to see that safe production is very important, whether it is the management staff or the use of machinery, from their own point of view, to strengthen the awareness of safe production, from a number of aspects to strengthen safe production and enhance the quality of agricultural production in China.
2.1 Enhancing the role of leadership and reliance on the masses
First of all, leaders at all levels must pay more attention to the issue of safe production, to achieve a clear division of labor, authority and responsibility, and assign special people to be responsible for safe production. Strengthen the daily education, increase the awareness of the masses on the safety of mechanical production, establish and improve the mass safety organizations, set up full-time safety supervisors, strengthen the work of safety production from many angles to ensure the safety of mechanical production.
2.2 Strengthen education and strict training
To effectively implement the policy of safety production must be to strengthen the safety awareness of machinery personnel education, combining it with the ideological education of employees, so that all machinery staff are aware of the importance of safe production. At the same time, this work must be carried out to each link of production, according to the different circumstances of the work, different projects, different machines and different operators, especially those who have just joined the work, the safety technology education of the project, pay special attention to the attention to the situation.
At the same time of staff education, or farming leisure stage, also to carry out the necessary safety technology training, so that staff can be faster and better master the essentials of safety technology, at the same time to make emergency response to unexpected situations, to master the basic first aid knowledge, in order to cope with emergencies. In addition, the training results of safety technology should be registered to grasp the mastery of safety technology of the training staff, while it will be included in the assessment.
2.3 Establish a clear job responsibility system
To better ensure the production safety of agricultural machinery must be included in the safety production within the job responsibility system, the implementation of safety policy. The first is to establish a leadership production responsibility system, whose main job is to be responsible for the safety of production, the leading cadres responsible for production at the same time need to be responsible for the overall safety work of the unit; machine captain, locomotive team leader is responsible for the team, the safety work of the team, but also shoulders the responsibility of education. Other technical personnel also need to specify safety tasks within the scope of responsibility, so that safety is responsible at every level and everyone ensures safe production. For example, the driver and farm equipment hand can educate other personnel on safety techniques; safety inspectors should be responsible for safety inspection; detailed records and inspection of the causes of accidents, while strengthening protection, etc.
In summary, it is not difficult to see that the safety of field operations of agricultural machinery requires the joint cooperation of several departments and the joint efforts of all the personnel involved. In the work of agricultural production, effective safety measures should be taken to strengthen protection, implement the policy of safe production, prevent casualties, reduce the unsafe factors for staff, ensure safe production and enhance the competitiveness of agricultural production.