The Performance Of Hydraulic Cylinders

Hydraulic seals are often used for industrial and domestic applications (such as aerospace, electromechanical, climate control, filtration, fluid and gas handling, and process control) to facilitate the separation of liquids. Hydraulic seal manufacturers create many products that are application specific and specially designed to prevent leaks under very particular circumstances. A hydraulic seal is used to contain fluids and maintain the hydraulic pressure (piston seal, rod seal, back-up ring), to stop the inlet of impurities and to preserve the Premium quality PFC-1 Cotton Fabric Phenolic Wear Rings China factory wholesale lubricating film on the rod (wiper seal) and to resist any deformation under a radial load by guiding the piston and rod (wear ring and guide strip). When selecting the best seals for your hydraulic ram, both at OEM or repair stage, it’s important to consider the parameters of the application and the operating conditions. Hydraulic applications can be challenging for seals. Thousands of -ring compounds have been formulated for specific applications. All of the metal materials used to create seals may be plated or galvanized for added oxidation protection and strength. The most common place to find these seals, however, is in a hydraulic cylinder. The piston seals acts as a pressure barrier and prevent fluid from passing the piston. A leading manufacturer of moulded rubber seals, elastomer components and custom engineered solutions; manufactured to the highest quality standards, in medium-to-high volumes, to a diverse range of industries around the globe. Rod seals are used in mobile hydraulic, agricultural, and general industrial applications. Also, these seals protect the rod seals from contaminants. As an application user, you must review the user manual provided along with the purchase of hydraulic seals. Designed for light duty applications where style WD wipers are not required. We offer almost 16,000 hydraulic seals to choose from. Our polyurethane u-cups come in symmetrical and double-lip rod and piston asymmetrical styles that maintain a comprehensive water resistant seal. These flaws are often capable of preventing satisfactory -ring performance under the variable operating pressures of aircraft systems; therefore, -rings should be rejected for flaws that affect their performance. The -ring is considered a universal sealing device. T-seals: These seals can be designed in both rod and piston styles to prevent extrusion and spiraling. Conventional seals swell as they absorb hydraulic fluid. Sometimes called loaded-lip U-cups, B-style polypack, and lip seals, these seals have a beveled edge with a symmetrical cross section. Hydraulic seals are generally relatively soft, non-metallic rings captured in groove or fixed in a combination of rings, forming a seal assembly, to block or separate fluid in reciprocating motion applications. Piston seals are important for controlling the motion of a cylinder. Deep-Z rod seals are a type of symmetrically loaded U-cup seal. To better understand our hydraulic seal capabilities unique to your application, please complete our contact form or send an email to gbsa@ with a drawing of your part. Applications: General purpose sealing, Air Tools, Hydraulic fluids, Petroleum based oils, fuels, L.P. gases, Cold Water, Silicone greases and oils, Di-ester base lubricants (MIL-L-7808), Ethylene glycol base fluids (Hydrolubes) and Hydraulic Fluids and in static and dynamic applications. We supply 100s of styles and 1000s of sizes of hydraulic seals in inch and metric sizes. Wipers: Commonly known as scraper seals, these wipers help the ingress of external contaminants, which can damage the sealing system, as well as the application machinery. The T-shaped design prevents spiral failure that occurs with -rings used in cylinders with long strokes. This grants for equal and even wear, and stress allotment on the seals. Hydraulic seals are produced in most cases like any gother mechanical seal or component made of polymers. Rely on hydraulics or pneumatic seals. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) -rings: Temperature & Chemical Resistant PTFE is a popular -Ring material which is White in color. Are relatively soft, non-metallic rings captured in a groove or fixed in a combination of rings, to form a seal assembly, to block or separate fluid in reciprocating motion applications. 7. Durability: Hydraulic seals are designed to have long service lives.

Special tooling for the installation of -rings is available. Seals may also be made from non-elastic materials such as felt and leather. Rod and piston installations use Wear Rings. Custom manufacturer of seals including hydraulic, mechanical, metric, military specification seals. Rod seals prevent rod corrosion and helps for the lubrication of wiper seal and rod seals. A seal may consist of more than one component, such as an -ring and a backup ring, or possibly an -ring and two backup rings. Than the outer lip in order to be used for rod applications. A single hydraulic system will usually make use of several different hydraulic seals, each designed to prevent leakage at a different point of pressure within the system. Rod Seals are the most critical seals in a hydraulic cylinder. Maintaining internal pressure and preventing contamination are leading priorities in terms of properly operating a hydraulic cylinder. They are considered to be multi-purpose hydraulic seals and are designed for significantly improved performance. Light-duty hydraulic and pneumatic U-cups used in pneumatic cylinders for industrial and low-pressure applications. 11. Safe: Hydraulic seals are completely safe to use even in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Moreover they are specially developed to accommodate different variables such as cylinder speeds, temperatures, pressures and applications. Also called double-lip U-cups and lip seals, they have nitrile lips and a urethane base to provide good stability and support large loads. Vee Packs: These are seals designed with multiple vee rings. The negative lip forms of normal seals allow dirt and foreign particles to be trapped between the seal lips and the cylinder. Sealing materials designed for life science and medical applications must demonstrate excellent resistance to the aggressive organic and inorganic chemicals and media associated with surgical and laboratorial procedures, including intensive cleaning regimes. We supply Hydraulic & Pneumatic seals for single and double acting cylinders, composite piston seals, compact seals, independent wear rings, bonded seals, static seals ( Rings), and symmetrical seals. Rod seals are key in preventing corrosion. A static hydraulic seal is located in a groove and sees no movement – only sealing within its confined space, acting like a gasket To achieve this the gasket should be under pressure. The material we choose for each hydraulic seal is determined by the operating requirements of each application. Style WK Rod Wipers Double lip design provides the ultimate in wiper action to remove foreign material from the exposed rod while still maintaining an adequate lubricating film. Scrapers & Wipers – Scrapers and wipers are components which prevent the build up of dirt, foreign particles and moisture from the piston rods by scraping or wiping it away. Rod seal kits include a rod assembly, rod wiper seal, U-cup rod seal, and -ring for repairing hydraulic cylinders. A hydraulic seal, at the end of the day, must prevent leakage of fluids from cylinders. Other products offered are mechanical, magnetic, non-contacting, and lip seals. Wear bands or wear rings are used to prevent metal-to-metal contact. Seals are divided into three main classes: packings, gaskets, and wipers. V-ring packings (AN6225) are one-way seals and are always installed with the open end of the V facing the pressure. Sometimes however you can use two single acting seals in a ‘back to back’ arrangement in order to create a double acting seal system. This seal is recommended when the coupling clearance between the head and the rod cannot be reduced and in the event of pressure peaks (500 bar). Hydraulic seals are also subdivided into seals, which have symmetrical or asymmetric cross-sections. Piston seal is a type of hydraulic seal where the sealing lip has contact with the entire housing bore. Quad rings can be used in both static and dynamic sealing applications. Rod Seal failure could result in fluid leakage. Rod Seals are affected by changes to the rod surface and fluid temperatures. Suitable for hydraulic applications that anticipate abrasive contaminations and shock loads.

B-type loaded U-cup hydraulic seals are used for dynamic reciprocating applications. An example of weighing these different factors can be seen in the hypothetical selection of -rings. They use oil seals (or metric oil seals outside of the United States) that are made of resistant materials like Teflon, silicone, polyacrylate or a fluroelastomer that can handle continuous exposure to oil. Fluid Power Seals are special PTFE seals designed for use as either piston or rod seals and are activated by an elastomer -ring. Back-up rings prevent extrusion of the -ring when it is subjected to high pressures. Rod seals work together with wiper seals to protect a hydraulic system against external contaminants such as dirt and outside weather conditions. These seals are important for maintaining the piston position at rest and to control the motion of cylinder. Wiper seals or scraper seals plays an important role in preventing the entry of external contaminants such as moisture, dirt, and dust to the hydraulic system or cylinder assemblies. Our design process consists of working closely with you to understand the sealing requirements and then applying our design expertise and joint test program to develop the right sealing solution that improves your products sealing performance. Seal House can machine Rod Seals to suit almost any application. Wear rings guide the piston and piston rod within the hydraulic cylinder, absorbing transverse forces, preventing metal-to-metal contact. Nitrile – For applications with temperatures up to 250°F (Nitrile seal elements) with two Nylon or PTFE back-ups are recommended. Wear Rings:They guide the piston and piston rod within the cylinder. A type of dynamic hydraulic seal called a piston seal is exposed to movement on its outer diameter along the tube or bore of a hydraulic cylinder. Sealing Devices offers a complete line of Parker -rings, Polypaks, hydraulic seals, and sealing materials from stock, and is a Certified Parker Sealing Technology Center. This allows pressure build up on one side of the piston, making the cylinder extend or retract. Hydraulic systems are sealed using a combination of specialized seals. The reliable high performance of hydraulic seals is very important to applications in the medical industry. Additionally, with the implementation of our computerized numerical control (CNC) machine, we are able to create high quality hydraulic seals and have them ready to ship in a fraction of the time. Manufacturer of hydraulic seals and guides in several profiles or designs and in a wide range of series and sizes, making them appropriate for a variety of operating conditions and applications. Custom designed PTFE seals for unique applications. Rod seals prevent leakage of fluid from within the cylinder. Non-positive actuated anti-extrusion devices for use down stream from single and double-acting rod or piston seals. They also prevent metal-to-metal contact, optimizing the performance of the sealing system and increasing the seals’ lifespan. The buffer seals attenuate the pressure fluctuations to improve the rod seal performance. We offer a wide range of hydraulic seals designed to suit the cylinder working pressures, always taking the speeds, operating temperature and application into account. Hydraulic wipers prevent contaminants, such as water, dust and debris, from entering the cylinder assembly and hydraulic system. Hydraulic rod seals prevent fluid from leaking outside the cylinder. RFD Rod Seals: Also known as Single Acting Split Housing, these are heavy duty seals that also include an anti-extrusion ring for added protection. Sealing specialists Novotema, are well-versed in specifying the correct elastomer materials for medical application requirement, as well as a wide range of other life science industries. Commonly, wiper seals are constructed using the component polyurethane. Hydraulic applications in power transmission equipment and in control systems have become extremely popular over the years thanks to their efficiency. So, if you have an application that can be solved or improved by installing a hydraulic seal, consult a manufacturer today.

Others are commonly referred to as Kalrez® -Rings (DuPont Dow), Chemraz® -Rings (Greene, Tweed & Co.), Isolast® -Rings (Trelleborg Sealing Solutions), and lesser quality brands such as Perlast (Precision Polymer Engineering), GPlast (Gapi) and Markez® (Marco). Since hydraulic seals are so critical to the efficiency of hydraulic systems, they are applicable across a wide range of industries. Piston Seals are radial seals. After the removal of all -rings, the parts that receive new -rings have to be cleaned and inspected to make sure that they are free from all contamination. Hydraulic seals of various makes sometimes have very long delivery times. Our offer includes high quality seals for hydraulic cylinders used in the industry and agriculture. When properly installed in a groove, an -ring is normally slightly deformed so that the naturally round cross-section is squeezed diametrically out of round prior to the application of pressure. For example, Parker Seal Company ran a series of brutal tests to determine how much fluid pressure a common nitrile -ring can withstand without extruding into the gap. KAF’s lip design was developed with integral preloading to be automatically self-sealing under high and low pressure. 4. Preventing blowouts: Blowouts on oil plants can be reduced to a great extent by using industrial seals. The main tasks of the seals are retaining lubricants, excluding contaminants adn maintaining the hydraulic pressure. X rings (also known as quad or square rings) are, in essence, enhanced versions of -rings. Wiper seals remove these contaminants when they retract into the cylinder. Our hydraulic seals are outfitted with seven precision-manufactured components. The UTS seal has small dimensions and has been created for cylinders under possible high pressure and speed variations. This allows pressure build up on one side of the piston, making the Cylinder extend or retract. Seal House offers a comprehensive range of Rod Seals in a variety of styles and materials to suit most applications. These seals protects the rod seals from the damages caused as a result of pressure rise. Based on criteria such as operating temperature, chemical interactions, pressure and fluid types, we select the materials that can handle each environment best. An elastomer which provides dynamic and static sealing against the shaft. A sealing lip has an edge which is formed by pressing, cutting or grinding and is normally pressed against the counterface on the shaft with a defined radial force by a spring. A high pressure hydraulic seal is usually surrounding rods, rams, glands or the piston and used a different design or combination of interlocking lips and components. The seals are located in the piston, on the cylinder head or on the rod shaft. The uses of rod seals vary from medium to high-duty applications with robust sealing effects. Types od seals include Vee-ring packings, urethane U-seals & polyurethane U-seals & double reversed packing sets. Fluid type, pressure, temperature requirements, speed of movement, environmental conditions chemical contact and many more factors are considered when choosing the most suited material. Hydraulic wear rings guide the piston and rod within the cylinder, absorbing forces and preventing metal-to-metal contact. Please see our products below and a Catalogue of hydraulic seals (PDF file, 11 MB). They are internal to the cylinder head and seal against the cylinder bore, preventing fluid flow. Skega’s success in this field has been built up around the well‐tried ‐ring seal which is combined with a new type of support ring and guide ring, produced in a new material and protected by the Swedish Patent No 221178. They have an enhanced extrusion resistance at high pressure and low temperatures and are used with heavy-duty cylinders. Dynamic (used when parts are in motion) or static (fixed application), different types of seals, each have their own role to play, in ensuring a cylinder runs as smoothly as possible. CDK Seals started out as a family-run business to supply PTFE seals, spring energised seals, rubber mouldings and hydraulic seals.

A detailed understanding of the challenges seals will face in their exact operating environment is essential for an accurate specification, with different elastomer materials offering radically different performance characteristics across a range of parameters. Hydraulic seal installation varies depending on the nature of applications. We have an inventory of military and industrial seals (-rings, back-ups, hydraulic seals, thred-seals, stat-seals and all types of packing seals for hydraulic and pneumatics). Its outstanding tear resistance and abrasive resistance result in its slippery surface properties that make it advantageous for use in seals in moving systems such as mass spectrometer probes and valves. Static Hydraulic Seals are positioned in a housing where there is no motion involved, they are sealing only within their limited space. Fitted into the small housing, the RTA seals are combined with an NBR -ring and PTFE inner to maximize sealing resistance against even the highest pressure. Most often, they’re used to power linear actuators, hydraulic cylinders, and pistons in internal combustion engines. These extreme examples might not be commonplace, but they serve to highlight the importance of using high quality sealing solutions designed for the specific demands of such critical environments and applications. Hydraulic cylinders use water, oil or other pressurized fluids to facilitate the movement of heavy machinery. They also serve to protect the rod seal from any contaminants that do manage to find their way into the cylinder (such as metal chips). Single-acting piston seals for use in older type industrial hydraulic cylinders. This leads to scoring on the cylinder and piston rod (expensive repairs), leaks and environmental problems. Rod Seals are also referred to as shaft seals sometimes. Vulcanizing is an excellent solution for non-standard sized -rings and seals delivering greater strength and tolerances. Designed for medium duty applications and can provide both wiping and sealing action in one component in low pressure systems. For continued sealing effectiveness and long seal life, the surface finish of the working surface of either rods or bores should be a maximum of 16 micro-inches. In order to maximise longevity and functionality in specific applications, hydraulic seals are made from a wide range of materials, each with their own unique properties. Hydraulic seals (also referred to as hydraulic cylinder seals or shaft seals) are devices designed to keep fluids from escaping from cylinders or pumps while simultaneously preventing foreign contaminants from entering them. Leather and reinforced materials absorb hydraulic fluid. It’s difficult to pin down specific accessories for use with hydraulic seals, due to the extremely wide range of applications, industries, and types to consider. Piston Seals fit onto shafts with the sealing lip contacting the housing bore. There are two main types of hydraulic seals: static, which seals within a confined space like a gasket , and dynamic, which is exposed to movement on its inner diameter, usually around a shaft of some kind. Usually, hydraulic seals are located on the cylinder head, on the rod shaft, or in the piston. Hydraulic Seal – Allied Metrics Seals & Fasteners, Inc. Polymeric seals make for an easy, inexpensive, replaceable, effective barrier to fluids. Some particular types of hydraulic seals (e.g. bonded seals) are made from metallic materials (including brass, bronze, aluminum, carbon steel, and stainless steel). Therefore, Rod Seals function in conjunction with Wiper Seals to guard a hydraulic configuration against outer contaminants including dust, dirt and outside atmospheric circumstances. Whether it is small or large diameter, low or high pressure, reciprocating or rotary motion, dynamic or static sealing, a suitable product for your application is available. Since 2007 we have been making getting -rings easy by continuing to improve our people, product and process. General-purpose compound suitable for applications requiring resistance to aromatic or halogenated solvents or to high temperature (-20 to 260C with limited service to 315 degrees C). Outstanding resistance to blended aromatic fuels, straight aromatics, halogenated hydrocarbon and other petroleum products.